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Both France and Germany , the Village of civilizat

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 PostWysłany: Wto 22:34, 26 Kwi 2011    Temat postu: Both France and Germany , the Village of civilizat Back to top

Both France and Germany, the Village of civilization - on the Management of the internal observation of the village

Of: Zhou Hua [Abstract] the process of promoting the rule of law in rural areas, the Government has been emphasizing the strategy of the village according to law. However, in practice the rule of law in rural areas have seen a system between social demand and supply imbalance. In this context, attention to the strategy of using village with virtue is helpful to address the problems arising from imbalances, but also help promote the process of administering the village, and ultimately long-term stability in rural areas. [Key words] the village according to law; civil norms; with virtue village; socialist morality PayingEqualAttentiontoLawandVirtue, RulingtheVillageinaCivilizedWay ---- anInternalobservationofMovement of Undersuchsituation, toattachimportanceonthestrategyof > We know that the road can be classified into Government to promote the rule of law and social evolution of type-based categories. After opening its doors to Under the impetus of the government, the rule of law has become the unanimous voice of the whole country, and according to law the village, has become the proper meaning of the rule of law. To enable farmers to to carry out legal work to guide villagers to gradually according to the law that Ten years have passed, objective and dispassionate view, the true effectiveness of the rural Prussian difficult to obtain satisfactory legal awareness villagers too slow, many of the . Villagers but the village legal consciousness largely reflect the status of the rule of law, we can not just expect the villagers Shanghao legal education classes, listen to good lecture, based on textbooks, the concept of the brochure to the formation and enhance awareness of the law. Because the villagers are more concerned about When we contrast the current situation in rural areas, you will find practice of popularizing and propagating the rule of law there is disconnect between the Law After reading the villagers from the contradictions and conflicts. The heritage of civil norms, as a highly For example, in many villages, the Wai Jianv treatment of civil norms is clearly on the books with the but still got quite a lot of villagers, including a considerable number Wai Jianv itself recognized, also in rural areas are still effective operation. We know, compared with civil norms, as But precisely such a great law, but can not be implemented in rural areas better, why not? II the effective functioning of modern law the general assumption that social or individualistic society of strangers. In rural areas, many villagers from birth, grow to lead their lives, the whole process of life is rarely out of an Land is still the most basic means of production, the villagers left behind tightly attached to the ancestors of the land. Even in located in Guangzhou, ultra billion a year GDP village, the villagers of the land still has a very strong dependence of the villagers is a basic source of income is rental income and land rent 盖楼. This is compared to the vast majority of the economic development of backward rural areas as farmers are still the main income from farming is just for a The villagers are living in a piece of land for generations, and confined to the small region, the flow of people, the movement of the radius of the flow of information is very narrow, So far, membership is still an outsider to enter the village village insurmountable threshold. On this basis, the formation of a family-based kinship is a strong binding of the villagers, their identity relies on blood ties to restrain the behavior of the villagers; its traditional moral ethics as the basic criterion to human blood as basic orientation, is usually sufficient to maintain the basic village security and order. Acquaintances in this rural community, the villagers demand the law is extremely limited. Even in economically developed coastal rural areas, despite the market economy is booming, foreigners come and go, but the circle of people in the village, the relative stability of social structure, closed and conservative cultural values, hysteresis makes awareness of the relationship between villagers and the Mainland in the rural areas still maintained as a kind of human blood, based on the tradition of the pursuit of balance. The relationship between villagers and the villagers are often still based on the establishment, such as take into account the real legal Villagers to In their view, to form a To avoid the laws of foreign unkind, we are willing to adopt the compounding and mediation to resolve disputes. So who is going to find mediation? The villagers of course, accustomed to looking for family organization or village, and not looking for Implementation of the In this basis the principle of the fuzzy warmth of mediation of the interests of some villagers easily damaged, so mediation is not the way the villagers were all so-called As seen above, the law is However, something indispensable to the traditional rural scenes to implement the rule of law will be a thousand kinds of hardships. The development of social relations, social structure and the evolution of such a development can not rely solely on the law can achieve. Therefore, in this sense, we should be the village as a whole according to the law of social development all the factors involved in system engineering, to be given to those non-legal factors considerable attention, such as political democratization, human relations rationalization, economic development, technological advances, moral improvement, etc., these can be said that modernization of the construction and maintenance of the prerequisite and guarantee the rule of law. three So how should we view and address the process in the village according to law, First, we process on the Management of the village must have a clear long-term expectations. On the one hand we want to see the development of law itself is a gradual process, especially in the Western legal tradition of the law behind the lack of the kind of deep metaphysical beliefs of law advocates and ultimate concern, and autocratic privileges of thinking of the legal tools have long historical roots developed, the Chinese Rule of Law utmost difficult. Therefore, the initial stage in the emergence of failure to abide by the rule of law, strictly enforced, impunity or fear of law, blame law, to avoid the serious phenomenon of law is not surprising. On the other hand, the rule of law development and economic, political and cultural conditions of the development is parallel, and these non-legal factors in the comprehensive development of all take time, especially heritage and cultural conditions of strong development. As handed down for generations, made by the parents and children educate themselves to be more than the theory of those systems are more affected. To plot Therefore, the current dual structure in the rural areas of the legal order of the state will be a long time to continue. However, the implementation of the law is difficult in rural areas can not deny the improvement and development of the legal significance of the village according to law, because the existence of the law at least provides a rural community adjustment method, although when used in small, but The villagers in the circumvention of the law by As the formal rules and informal rules of law will the dynamic balance of bargaining gradually in the rural areas to promote the rule of law. We point out that the process of administering the unsatisfactory at the village, not to give up the idea of ​​the rule of law, to meet the villagers away blindly stereotype of conservatism and backwardness; the contrary, the purpose of doing so is to by the Second, take a good localization of the rule of law only way to effectively solve the mismatch problem. We have a long and profound traditional culture and stock accumulation of the ancestors of these things to think about solving social problems and the wisdom and experience. Traditional Culture in history as a continuous process of living is extremely strong vitality, not because it is a thing of the past and all lose their own value. On the contrary, it to some extent in the rural areas to civil norms, customs and other forms of access to the extension, thereby affecting the face of modern legal culture in rural areas. Implementation of the rule of law or not, the key is not constructed on the surface of the legal system, but relies on people's natural habitat and the concept of law. We can introduce the legal system to weaken the rural areas outside the traditional civil standard, but we also can not really quite a long time to wipe out deep after the tradition of civil law norms and cultural, traditional legal culture is still deeply affected villagers legal concepts and behavior patterns, and through this effect to some extent, distorted, or even overhead resistance to the legal system on the books. The implementation of this has been out of touch with real life, the legal system's effectiveness can be obtained of course, also very limited. Therefore, first of all disengage the local tradition of a possible problem, then is should not be a problem. Deng Xiaoping had stressed that: and legal values ​​of the culture, so from the traditional to the modern changes, the concept of legal culture and system of laws and cultural harmony. [3] Thus, in the implementation process of the village according to law, we can not be derived from the traditional form of informal rules in the blind or understatement. And to stress the importance of the rational construction of the Government to plan and guide the rural to the rule of law, while fully respecting the informal rules and informal rules are necessary to retain the living space, even when the supply in the legal system, can also be informal rules of reasonable content to be absorbed into the formal rules, thus possible to reconcile the conflict between the deviation and to maximize the realization of the system supply and the balance between social needs. This has been a growing number of social management, in particular the part of the scholarly attention to party officials. If the To respect the wishes of the masses, should reflect the interests of the overwhelming majority of the people, after all that is in the system (formal rules) supply, to pay special attention to informal rules, that is, historical, cultural, and customary factors. [4] in the village according to law, we must first take a good formal rules and informal rules of a common development path, while gradually become conscious, a combination of road. [5] On the other hand, we can only strengthen the State Law and the cultural barrier between the civil law, resulting in a lose-lose. [6] The harms caused by one of the important idea: the provider in the system seems too many people, especially the retention of traditional rural people are always four knowing how to solve the For the broad social needs in rural areas, the existing strategy and effective rule of law is too thin and narrow, it is necessary to seek out the rule of law itself, solutions, should pay attention to the development of non-legal factors role in promoting the rule of law, and the current extremely tight and the important thing is to implement the strategy of the village of virtue, to both Germany and France, the Village of civilization. In celebrating the Eightieth Anniversary of the establishment of the Chinese Communist Party's important speech, Comrade Jiang Zemin emphasized that: thinking of marking the way to our understanding of social governance has been elevated to a higher level, with far-reaching historical significance. Law and ethics are an important part of the superstructure, are governing the country, an important means of social control. Rule of Law and Morality has always been mutual implication and inclusion of a whole, is the mutual penetration between them, interact, complement each other. On the management of state, governance community, and neither is dispensable, it can be neglected. The production of law-based morality, but also has to rely on fairness and justice as a value and the ultimate destination, and ethics, under certain conditions, may also be promoted to the legal system to strengthen its normative force; production and development, ethics compliance, enhanced moral values ​​on people plays an important role in the promotion and protection. Similarly, the ethics of legislation, law enforcement, judicial and legal awareness and idea people are enhanced, but also plays a very important role in the promotion and protection. In many social fields, only the hardness and softness, a two-pronged legal and moral, to receive good results. Law is not a panacea, with the inevitable limitations of its own. a number of areas left to manage the ethical. under the jurisdiction of the place. International    just hunt white-climbing on the umbrella protection and species of Pu Yi Qiao ǚ cylinder-shaped    javascript to do? BR> In addition, the needs. For some time, anti-tradition has become a new tradition, and our traditional moral damage so under severe: a decade of the Cultural Revolution destroyed; Western dominant culture's impact on traditional morality; planned economy to market economy caused by the rapid conversion of moral lack of space and so on. Meanwhile, during this period of social change and transformation in the legal system because there is often a shortage of problems, so we must strengthen the construction of rigid norms attention more, and compared the construction of flexible specification,[link widoczny dla zalogowanych], ie with the community modernization moral system adapted to the attention of the building are still not enough. Traditional morality has been greatly damaged, and in the cultural diversity of Leading hold high moral take some time before, so Western values, lifestyles and adverse effects on some of the negative factors of social goods will be easy to Chengxi intrusion into people's spiritual realm, so that social morality has been landslides. Hou in this atmosphere, coupled with the scientific and cultural knowledge of the villagers is extremely limited, it makes a lot of superstition in rural areas began staging a comeback, mafia clan forces on the rise, pornography, gambling and so repeated. Therefore, strengthening the construction of socialist moral system is the voice of the times. Moreover, the Confucianism has a long history of heavy German tradition, beginning in the Western Zhou Dynasty, the Duke of Zhou on the proposed . Of course, we call the moral rule. And to correctly handle the friendship, love, marriage and family relations, to promote solidarity, helpfulness, self-sacrifice, helping the poor and other spiritual. traditional morality in ancient China the essence of the reasonable things, such as: the traditional focus on the heart of moral cultivation, by emphasizing the and their relationship, which today seems to still have some positive significance; traditional morality also contains many of the traditional virtues, such as the patriotic love of family, respect and care for the young, care for justice and loyalty to love and marriage. In rural areas, these traditional moral essence of what is often still based on a reasonable customs, folk informal rules and norms as the carrier, and is reflected in their operations. Thus, in a sense, in rural areas, by virtue of being stressed to a certain extent also explains some of the informal rules of being taken seriously, formal, on the table, Finally, we in the new historical period of implementation of the ethics. Our village village cadres in the process of governance must He also vital to learn to walk on two legs; to both France and Germany, the Village of civilization; in rural areas continue to strengthen the legal system, led the villagers to learn, use, safeguard as a formal rule of law, we must also in accordance with the basic requirements of socialist morality to discover the local customs and informal rules of civil norms in the positive factors and good use of it, promote it, and continue to strengthen ideological and moral construction. The most basic and most important is the practice of village cadres should take the lead, set an example, self-discipline, good legal system and the ideological and moral construction of the leaders. In short, Law Village, Village and Virtue itself not only to both and both are complementary, mutually binding. Administering the village out well, according to the law can promote and consolidate the village. [References] [1] Peter and the Man: [2] [3] Liu Zuoxiang: [4] Cao Kam Liao: [5] Zhu Jingwen, [U.S.] MA Cowley: [6] Su Li: [7] Li Ning: [8] [9] NANCHANG HANGKONG: [10] Huang Jianwu, Deng Weiping Peng Juan ed:

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